Malachite is formed through a secondary process in the oxidation of copper ore deposits. It has a monclinic crystal system and is in the mineral class of carbonate. Surface water containing carbonic acid dissolves copper out of the rock and forms compounds to create alkaline, water-containing copper carbonate. While Malachite is related to Azurite, it contains more water.
Malachite is surrounded with myths and legends. It is generally a womens stone and has generally been dedicated to a goddess in many cultures. In Egypt to Hathor, in classical times to Venus and Aphrodite, in northern Europe to Freya. It has been known to alleviate menstrual problems and ease labor and is still called the ‘Midwife Stone’ in much folklore.